Rice dough is usually prepared by mixing together rice flour with hot water. Rice does not contain gluten. As a result, kneading the dough with ordinary water or oil results in a friable dough that will crumble when rolled out. However, adding the rice flour to hot water results in softer and pliable dough that sets when it is shaped and dries out quickly.
How to Make Rice Dough?
The actual consistency, taste and texture of rice dough will vary according to the rice flour and rice varieties that are used. For example, in Japan, two different kinds of rice flours are commonly used to make dumplings. Joushinko or Johshinko is made from ordinary Japanese rice while the other variety is made from Shiratamako or sweet rice flour. Other Asian countries use local versions of rice flour that have been ground finely from white rice, boiled rice, parboiled rice, sweet rice, glutinous rice or even whole black rice. This will produce distinct differences in the taste, texture and shape of the dish. Popular cooking methods for rice dough include the following :
Popular Rice Dough-based Dishes
Red Bean Rice Cakes are very auspicious sweetmeats that are prepared during the Chinese and Japanese New Year. Red beans are simmered with sugar and coconut milk to make thick paste. This paste is then stuffed into rice flour envelopes and steamed
Mitarashi dango or Japanese rice dough dumplings are made with two varieties of local rice. The rice flours are combined with salt and hot water to make a thick dough. This dough is then molded into balls, boiled and then grilled before serving. This dish is usually served with mitarashi sauce
Chinese dimsum rice dough coverings are made by combining glutinous rice flour with potato flour. The dough is then rolled out as fine as possible, filled with sweet and savory fillings and then deep-fried.
Korean rice cake or songpyeon is prepared by stuffing a mixture of roasted and powdered sesame seeds, sugar, mung beans and salt into a rice dough envelope. These are then shaped like half-moons and steamed. They are usually served at the Korean Harvest Festival or Chuseok
Indian rice dough is used in multiple of ways.
Rice Dough Trivia
It is advisable to use the exact rice dough that is advised in the recipe instructions. This is because different rice flours will produce doughs of different consistencies, tastes and textures during the cooking process.