Vernaccia alternately called in German as "Vernatsch" refers to a white grape used to make many wines in Italy particularly the Tuscan variety of wine Vernaccia di San Gimignano. The word is derived from its root which means vernacular and hence used as a generic term to refer to any common local grape variety. Vernaccia wine is characterized by fresh, crisp and medium-to-full white balanced flavors of fruit with elegant and fine subtle spray of almond as well as citrus flowers, concluding over a light bitter almond hint.
Origin of Vernatsch
Vernaccia wine grape of the Tuscan variety known as Vernaccia di San Gimignano from Siena is assumed to be among the oldest varieties originating from Greece, Eastern Europe or Rome as per public records of the city during 1296. During the Middle Ages, a Vernaccia variety known as Vernage had been trendy in London.
Vernaccia is also used to describe other dissimilar varieties of wines in Italy such as Sardinian varieties, the Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol red wine grape and the black grape used to make Marche Vernaccia di Serrapetrona. Vernaccia wine grape exists in many clonal varieties as well, as determined by ampleography studies. Vernaccia di San Gimignano happens to be a fragile vine that thrives well in clay silica or limestone soils. It yields round medium sized leaves having three to five lobes in compact large bunches extending to a form a pyramid with wings at times. The vine contains spherical medium sized berries having fairly thick and dusky skins between gold-green and amber in color due to being exposed to sun. The fruit extract is moderate with high pushy acidity.