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Khao Tom (Thai Rice Soup)

shantihhh's picture
This flavourful bowl of rice soup with minced pork meatballs is the perfect day starter. Customize with your own choice of condiments ranging from preserved eggs to pickled radish and of course plenty of Thai chiles in fish sauce (nam pla phrik).
  Pork stock/Chicken stock 12 Cup (192 tbs)
  Grated fresh ginger root 4 Teaspoon
  Shallots 4 Large, minced
  Lemongrass stalk 2 (2" pieces)
  Thai hom mali jasmine rice 1 1⁄4 Cup (20 tbs) (new crop rice)
  Ground lean pork 1 Pound
  Fish sauce 1⁄4 Cup (4 tbs) (Thai - Nam Pla)


sliced shallots deep-fried
sprigs of fresh cilantro
pickled salted radish
sliced green onions

Roasted Thai Chile flakes

Nam Pla Phrik (chiles sliced in fish sauce)

In a large stock pot combine boiling stock with ginger, shallots, lemon grass, add rice. Optional pair of fresh Kaffir Lime leaves).

Return to a boil, lower heat and gently simmer, stirring
occasionally, for 30 to 35 minutes, or until rice is very soft.

Remove and discard lemon grass. Add the pork (form into little meatballs) and simmer 5-8 minutes more until pork is cooked.

Finish with fish sauce to taste. *Reminder use a good brand such as Golden Boy!

Garnish with scallions, deep fried shallots and cilantro.

Variations: Add a raw egg to each bowl, or a salted egg half. Salted eggs are availble at Asian markets. You also can soft poach the egg as it ill not completey cook w added to the bowl of oup

I will continue this series of Thai Breakfasts with recipes of rice noodle soups, egg dishes, fried rice dshes, and such enjoyed by Thais for breakfast.

Recipe Summary

Difficulty Level: 
Rice, Meat
Everyday, Kids, Healthy
Preparation Time: 
10 Minutes
Cook Time: 
30 Minutes
Ready In: 
40 Minutes
In Thailand it is common to grab breakfast and most meals from street cooks. They place your food in small plastic bags, or you can sit on low small stools and eat at child-size tables nearby. In Thailand there are some dishes popular for breakfast but generally it is often the left overs from last nights dinner. Almost always savoury dishes. Often a soup-type bowl. This will be the first part of the series "What do Thais Eat for Breakfast" as it is a very long list of dishes. The first and very popular breakfast choice is a soup (tom) dish Khao Tom. Another traditional breakast dish in Thailand is a thick rice soup made with pork and or pork parts. It is similiar to the Chinese Congee or Jook also a rice soup. for Thai Breakfast blog:

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Nutrition Rank

Nutrition Facts

Serving size

Calories 272 Calories from Fat 46

% Daily Value*

Total Fat 5 g7.9%

Saturated Fat 1.7 g8.5%

Trans Fat 0 g

Cholesterol 36.9 mg12.3%

Sodium 1376.8 mg57.4%

Total Carbohydrates 34 g11.4%

Dietary Fiber 0.05 g0.2%

Sugars 0.3 g

Protein 19 g38.5%

Vitamin A 3% Vitamin C 2%

Calcium 0.9% Iron 1.5%

*Based on a 2000 Calorie diet


reehmeo's picture
Thanks for this submission. Having travelled throughout Thailand I had hoped to recreate this dish for my classmates at the Culinary Institute of America. Thanks for supplying this article. Now I just have to find the unique ingredients. I always ate this dish made with ground meats such as chicken and pork. Always good.
GWL's picture
At Saladang Song in Pasadena I ate a vegetable breakfast soup. It had pumpkin, taro and yams with rice in a broth seasoned with ginger and lemongrass......and topped before serving with crunchy browned garlic, hot pepper and cilantro. It can also have an egg on top. Trust me, this soup is even more flavorful than the typical recipes with pork...
Thailand Breeze's picture
Another type of Thai rice soup you can buy from the street vendors in Thailand is just plain rice soup. You have many choices of food to eat with it, such as deep deep friend pork sausage [ghoon-chieng], friend salted fish, shredded mango salad with dried shrimps and salted egg.
Anonymous's picture
is this 'Breeze', the mgr of the River View restaurant in BKK?
Anonymous's picture
is this 'Breeze', the mgr of the River View restaurant in BKK?
Khao Tom (Thai Rice Soup) Recipe