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How To Prune Fruit Trees?

Gourmandise's picture
If you want to get the most from your garden orchards, learn how to prune fruit trees. Pruning fruit trees not just keeps the trees in shape, it also prevents fruit loss and fruit thinning, thereby, enhancing the fruit production.

Pruning fruit trees keeps the trees in shape, prevents fruit loss and enhancing fruit productionFor pruning fruit trees, you need the following pruning gears:

•    Anvil Pruners
•    Bypass Pruners
•    Pole Pruner
•    Loppers
•    Pruning Saws
•    Pruning Shears

Process:

Pruning is important for trees so that they can get the maximum sunlight, which in turn, enables the fruits to set and ripen. It also renews and repairs the trees. Since, the amount of sunlight needed depends on the kinds of fruit, different fruit trees need different kinds of pruning – in terms of technique and frequency. Therefore, know your trees and prune them accordingly. Here are a few tips to keep in mind while pruning fruit trees:
•    Select the right kind and right sized tool for pruning the trees. Cut the branches of the tree to make an angle, which in turn, allows the water to flow off the trees. At the same time, it also maximizes the space to absorb light in the trees.
•    Know the right shape that your tree needs and prune the roots and the top branches accordingly. For example, give the shape of an open vase to a peach or fig tree, whereas, your apple tree would need a strong trunk with branches around it.
•    While pruning a tree, keep the final shape of the tree in mind and prune the branches accordingly. Select a few branches that are strong and can produce maximum fruits and remove the others. The removal of these extra branches gives more space to the existing ones for proper growth, which in turn, yields the maximum fruits.
•    Also, prune the flowers and fruits off your trees for the first two years. Though a tough thing to do, this is immensely rewarding in the long run, as it enhances the productivity of the trees. From the third year onwards, you can leave the flowers and ripened fruits.
•    Keep a close watch on your matured trees and see if it thins itself. If needed, in the bumper crop years, wait for the last freeze and the natural fruit drop, before you decide to thin out the crop more if needed. Thinning out the crop this way only keeps a select few, which has more probability of sweeter ripening.

While a certain amount of fruit fall in inevitable, timely and proper pruning ensures a greater and tastier yield. Thus, keep these few points in mind and ensure effective pruning of fruit trees.

Photo Courtesy: static.howstuffworks.com

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1 Comment

enammom's picture
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