Split pea is the dried and split seeds of a variety of pea. They are also known as matar ki dal in Northern India and pattani parippu in Southern India. They occur in green and yellow colours. The peas are round in structure upon harvesting and drying. The gram is a result of drying the seed, removing the skin from the seeds and split along its natural symmetry line. Split peas are available in two varieties- split green peas and split yellow peas. Popular split pea recipes include Split Pea Soup, Chunky-Style Split-Pea Soup With Ham, Split Pea And Green Pea Soup With Fresh Dill, Split Pea & Green Pea Salad and Split Pea N Tomato.
History of The Split Pea
Split pea recipes are believed to be used in Europe for making soups and pudding during the Medieval age. There are also accounts of the peas used in regions such as Asia in ancient times. There are evidences that split peas have been consumed during prehistoric times from fossil remains found at archaeological sites in Swiss lake villages. There are mentions of split pea recipes in the Bible and were deemed as valued items by the ancient Egyptian, Greek and Roman civilizations. By the sixteenth century the cultivation techniques of peas were developed better. Chinese have been familiar with split pea recipes almost since 2000 BC.
Cuisines Using Split pea
Yellow split peas are a popular ingredient in Indian cuisine to make dal. Yellow split peas are made use of frequently for preparing dhal in Guyana, Trinidad and the Fiji Islands. Yellow split peas are also made use of to make a sweet snack in Beijing cuisine.
Preferable Cooking Methods for Split pea
• Split peas must be cleaned of any dirt or lint before being used for cooking.
• The peas can be added to a cooking pan with water in the proportion of one cup split peas to three cups of water.
• The water with peas must be raised to a boil and simmered. The split peas turn tender by 30 minutes. During the early stages of cooking a foam forms over the water. This can be removed and discarded.
• Split pea recipes are suggested in Indian cuisine in the preparation of the traditional dal.
• Split pea soup is highly nutritious and can be made easily.
• Cooked split peas can be pureed along with seasonings to make a side dish.
• Split peas can be added to vegetable soup.
Popular Split pea Recipes
• Split Pea Soup is a delicious soup preparation made using split peas.
• Chunky-Style Split-Pea Soup With Ham is a split pea recipe incorporating ham along with split peas.
• Split Pea And Green Pea Soup With Fresh Dill is a great appetizer made from a French split pea recipe.
• Split Pea & Green Pea Salad is a blend of nutrition from different peas flavoured with seasonings.
• Split Pea N Tomato is a palatable split pea recipe made combining tomato with split peas.
Nutritive Value of Split pea
Split peas an efficient fiber that helps in lowering cholesterol. They are also beneficial for managing sugar levels in the blood stably. Split pea recipes contain ingredients rich in essential minerals, B-vitamins and protein. The peas are also a good source of phytonutrients called isoflavones which are helpful in keeping the risks of cancers including breast and prostate cancer at bay. Research studies have proved that the consumption of split peas can also reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. Split pea recipes also contain potassium.
Split peas Buying/Storing Tips
Split peas are commonly available in packaged containers or packets. The peas that are not cracked are of good quality. It is better to buy split peas with properly covered containers and in stores where there is a good selling cycle of the peas. Dried peas last for several months when stored in airtight containers in a cool, dark and dry place. They may be kept in the refrigerator for storing for long periods.
- Split pea soup is a heartful, soothing dish common in the winter months throughout the United States.
- Split pea soup was frequently associated with poor classes as peas were easy to grow and meat was often too expensive for the working classes.