Orange Marmalade is a kind of fruit preserve prepared by boiling the orange juice and rind with water and sugar. In Britain, marmalade is prepared using Seville orange, a native of Spain. This orange variant is preferred because it is enriched with pectin in comparison to the regular sweet oranges. Seville orange imparts a bitter taste to the resulting marmalade. Marmalade can be made from other citrus fruits like grapes, lime, lemon, sweet oranges and mandarins.
For making the marmalade, orange rinds are chopped, or sliced and simmered in sugar, water and fruit juice mixture until it turns soft. The orange marmalade is sometimes labeled as orange jam and is usually served as a spread on toast.
Origin of Orange Marmalade
The Greeks were first people to master the art of preserving fruits. They preserved quinces in honey. Slowly the wisdom was rubbed on to the Romans who developed it further by preserving other fruits. In 1524, Mr. Hull of Exeter presented a box of quince marmalade to Henry VIII. The transition of marmalades prepared from quince to orange is relatively unknown but it is believed that by 17th century Britons were preparing their marmalades using Spanish Seville oranges.
Orange Marmalade Recipe
- Ingredients – Orange rinds, orange juice, water, and sugar are required to make the marmalade. Sometimes pectin is added to the marmalade to enrich its texture.
- Method of Preparation and Storage – The marmalade preparation begins by cooking the orange rinds. Sugar, and fruit juice is added to the cooking rinds and boiled for some more time. The preserve is added to the sterilized jars and dipped in boil bath for some days before serving. The marmalade can stay fresh for about 18 months if stored in a cool place. It is preferable to use it within a year of preparation.
Orange Marmalade Features
- The marmalade is usually clear in color with chunky texture. The chunky texture is due to presence of rind.
- Orange marmalade almost resembles jelly, but has a slightly thicker texture. It can be served over scones or toast.
- Marmalade made up of orange can be layered into cakes or combined with other dishes. It is also added to sauces and marinades.
- Marmalade is usually prepared using orange peel, but some people prefer using candied orange peel, for an added sweetness. Sometimes cinnamon, ginger, cloves and other spices are also added for enhancing the flavor of marmalade.
- The commercially prepared marmalade is not considered true marmalade because it includes lots of substituted ingredients like candied orange peel, etc.