Doryaki, also known by the name "Red bean pancake" is a traditional Japanese confectionary. It consists of castella, the famous Japanese sponge-like pancake sandwich made of two red bean pancakes fashioned like patties with Anko or sweet Azuki i.e. red bean paste layered in between.
The original dorayaki was made of a single layer and the current shape came into existence later in the early 19th century in Tokyo. The legendary history behind it is that the first Dorayaki was created when a Samurai, by the name Benkei left his gong (dora) behind when escaping from a farmers home where he was in hiding. The farmer used the same gong to fry special pancakes thereby naming them Dorayaki.
Ingredients and Preparation
Chief ingredients needed are lightly beaten egg, all purpose-flour, water, canned or freshly prepared red bean paste which is sweetened to desired level, sesame seeds and cooking oil for deep frying.
In a large bowl, the egg, flour, water and a pinch of salt are blended to form batter. In a greased frying pan, half the batter is poured and spread evenly to form a thin layer. It is cooked till done, but without turning over. The process is repeated for a second time. Azuki or red bean paste is placed in the centre and spread over the surface. The second pancake is then placed on top before garnishing with a generous amount of sesame seeds. The final step consists of frying the sandwich so formed till golden brown in colour and draining on paper towels to remove excess oil. It may be served whole as such or cut into strips to expose the inner filling.
A serving size one Dorayaki of ~ 150 g of basic fruit chaat would supply-
• A total of ~ 250 calories
• Total fat of 1.0 g, Saturated fat of 0.3 g, polyunsaturated fat 0.2 g and monounsaturated fat 0.3 g and cholesterol – 37.4 g
• Sodium content of 703 mg and potassium 25.7 mg.
• Total carbohydrate content of 53.5 g, with Dietary fibre content of 5.4 g and the sugar 25.0 g; remaining being other carbohydrate components.
• Total protein content is 7.5 g.
1. Red bean paste is rich in protein as well as soluble fibre that generates the feeling of satiety and promotes weight loss. Soluble fibre is also known to reduce LDL or bad cholesterol and triglyceride levels. It slows the entry of glucose into the blood stream.
2. Owing to the magnesium, potassium, and low-sodium content it helps reduce the blood pressure.
3. Other important nutrients obtained are B vitamins, iron, zinc and copper.
4. These beans are low in fat content.
5. They also provide a complete protein in combination with those amino acids present in wheat.
6. Another feature is the presence of protease inhibitors which retard cancerous cell development.
• In addition to the sesame seeds garnish if crushed walnuts are added to the red bean paste, they provide some protein, Vitamin E, potassium, magnesium, manganese, copper and omega-3 fatty acids. These have unique phytonutrients like quinone juglone, flavonol morin and tannin tellimagrandin which are rare and valuable nutrients for their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities.
• Instead of refined sugar, honey or jaggery may be used to sweeten the red bean paste as each has its related health benefits- While honey is known to be a powerful antioxidant, jaggery is a good source of iron and both provide an instant energy boost.
Where to buy?
Side Wok at Connaught Place and Khan Market in New Delhi specialise in Japanese and Chinese cuisines and are believed to serve the best Red Bean Pancake in India.