Macanese food is prepared in Macau, a special administrative region of China. Being a former Portuguese colony, the cuisine is a combination of Chinese and Portuguese way of cooking. Due to the Portuguese connection, the dishes often resemble European food. The food can also be called a fusion food as it is influenced by several other countries including Hong Kong, India, Africa, and Latin America.
Baking, roasting, and grilling are the most common cooking styles of Macanese cuisine. Olive oil is used as a cooking medium.
Rice, beef, pork, seafood, and vegetables are the common ingredients. Spices and seasonings used in other Asian countries are used to prepare Macanese food. These include turmeric, chili, and cinnamon, which are used to enhance flavor. Coconut milk is also used in food preparation.
Traditional Macanese Food
· Minchi - This is made of beef or pork mince, which is cooked with onions and potatoes in soy sauce.
· Caldo Verde – This is a soup made using potatoes and bok choy.
· Pork chop bun – The dish is made by marinating and frying the pork chops, which is then stuffed into a Portuguese bun.
· Baked bacalhau with potatoes – It is made with salt cod, potatoes, garlic, and olive oil.
· Macau-style stuffed crab.
· African Chicken- This is a spicy chicken dish marinated with chili and garlic.
Festival Food and Desserts
· Pasteis de Nata – These are Portuguese custard tarts.
· Serradura – Also known as mok hong pudding, this dessert is made of condensed milk, cream, and crushed biscuits.
· Almond biscuits, peanut cookies, and black sesame cookies are made traditionally in Macau.
· Ginger milk and milk tea are the famous drinks of the region.
Macanese food seems to be a balanced food. The seafood and meat dishes are a rich source of protein. As the food is commonly baked, the usage of oil is less as compared to other Chinese deep-fried dishes. Olive oil is mostly used in cooking, and this is rich in good fat and is, therefore, healthy for the heart. The cuisine uses milk in preparation of drinks and dishes, which is also rich in calcium. Garlic, which is added to most dishes, has antibacterial and antifungal properties. Thus, it can be said that the Macanese food is a balanced and healthy one.