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HEY HONEY ....!!

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Honey is"manufactured" in one of the world's most efficient factories, the beehive. Bees may travel as far as 55,000 miles and visit more than two million flowers to gather enough nectar to make just a pound of honey.
The color and flavor of honey differ depending on the bees' nectar source (the blossoms) upon manufacturing conditions, upon the season and the climate during which it is gathered and stored by honeybees and upon its age.
In general, lighter colored honeys are mild in flavor; while darker honeys are usually more robust in flavor.


For tens of thousands of years "the universal sweetener" was almost the only available source of sugar in the countries where it was used. Ancient civilizations looked on the making of honey as a miracle, and even today, after much scientific research, honey remains something of a mystery

Honeybees make honey from the nectar that they collect from flowers. The nectar itself is a sweet liquid produced by flowering plants to attract insects helpful in pollination. Commercial honey is extracted centrifugaly from the combs of the hive, and then filtered and purified: this is "cast" honey.

Composition of honey------------

Honey contains much less moisture than the original nectar. About 80 percent of honey is sugars, mostly fructose and glucose. Maltose, sucrose and other complex carbohydrates are present in varying amounts, as are proteins, amino acids, vitamins and minerals. Although relatively low in nutrients, honey contains more nutrients than refined sugars. As a rule, darker honeys contain higher amounts of minerals than lighter hone
Composition per 100 gms---

Protein--- 0.3gms
Fat------- 0 gms
Carbohydrates— 82.3gms
Ash------ 0.2gms
Calcium---- 0.5gms
Phosphorus---- 0.6 gms
Vitamin----- 0 gms

Honey is specified as coming from a certain type of flower e.g. (Heather honey or lavender honey) or from a certain region or country.
Canada-----white clover, Alfa Alfa, blue berry
Romania---lime blossom, mint, acacia, sunflower
Spain---rosemary, orange blossom, eucalyptus honey
California— avocado, clover
U.S.----mixed wild flower honey, sour wood honey,
Sage honey
Virginia--- heather honey



Honey plays a major role in patisserie, being used in gingerbread, nonnettes (small round cakes of iced gingerbread), croquets, crisp almond biscuits(cookies), oriental cakes and various types of confectionery. Grog, egg nogg and certain liqueurs also contain honey and it is used instead of saltpeter in pickling brine for fine delicatessen meats.


Research has shown that unlike most other sweeteners, honey contains small amounts of a wide array of vitamins, minerals, amino acids and antioxidants.
Honey, is a rich source of carbohydrates, provides a quick source of energy.
Honey’s unique composition makes it an effective antimicrobial agent, useful for treating minor burns and scrapes, and for aiding the treatment of sore throats and other bacterial infections.

For a quick source of energy and to reap the benefits of honey’s healthful properties, make honey part of your daily diet along with plenty of fruits and vegetables. Use honey to sweeten your oatmeal or drizzle it over a grapefruit half. Add honey and fresh fruit to low-fat yogurt for an energy-sustaining snack or stir a spoonful of honey into a glass of water before your daily workout

If you feel a boost of energy after eating honey, you're not imagining it! "Honey is a natural mixture of the simple sugars glucose and fructose. Recent studies suggest that this unique mixture of sugars works best in preventing fatigue and enhancing athletic performance


LIQUID -------
Free of visible crystals, liquid honey is extracted from the honeycomb by centrifugal force, gravity or straining. Because liquid honey mixes easily into a variety of foods, it's especially convenient for cooking and baking.

While all honey will crystallize in time, whipped one (also known as creamed honey, sugared honey or spun honey) is brought to market in a crystallized state. The crystallization is controlled so that, at room temperature, the honey can be spread like butter. In many countries around the world, whipped honey is preferred to the liquid form.

Comb honey is honey that comes as it was produced--in the honeybees' wax comb. The comb, as well as the honey, is edible!


Cut comb honey is honey that has been packaged with chunks of the honey comb.


When choosing the type of honey to use, there are three factors to consider: aroma, flavor, color and body. The flowers from which the nectar is gathered influence aroma and flavor. Color can also be attributed to the flower, and varies from nearly clear to very dark. Body depends on 1) floral source and 2) how the honey is extracted from the comb and blended.



Bees produce honey as food stores for the hive during the long months of winter when flowers aren't blooming and therefore little or no nectar is available to them. European honey bees, genus Apis Mellifera, produce such an abundance of honey, far more than the hive can eat, that humans can harvest the excess. For this reason, European honey bees can be found in beekeeper's hives around the world!

THE QUEEN--------
The queen is the only sexually developed female in the hive. She is the largest bee in the colony.
A two-day-old larva is selected by the workers to be reared as the queen. She will emerge from her cell 11 days later to mate in flight with approximately 18 drone (male) bees. During this mating, she receives several million sperm cells, which last her entire life span of nearly two years.
The queen starts to lay eggs about 10 days after mating. A productive queen can lay 3,000 eggs in a single day.


Workers, the smallest bees in the colony, are sexually undeveloped females. A colony can have 50,000 to 60,000 workers.
The life span of a worker bee varies according to the time of year. Her life expectancy is approximately 28 to 35 days. Workers feed the queen and larvae, guard the hive entrance and help to keep the hive cool by fanning their wings. Worker bees also collect nectar to make honey.


The comb is composed of hexagonal cells which have walls that are only 2/1000 inch thick, but support 25 times their own weight.

Honey bees' wings stroke 11,400 times per minute, thus making their distinctive buzz.

The Honey Bees' Second Shift

In addition to gathering nectar to produce honey, honeybees perform a vital second function--pollination. About one-third of the human diet is derived from insect-pollinated plants, and honeybees are responsible for 80 percent of this pollination.
Pollination is the fertilization of a flowering plant. It occurs when pollen is transferred from the anthers of a flower to the ovules of that or another flower. Honey bees are responsible for pollinating a variety of fruits, vegetables, legumes and more.

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Ganesh.Dutta's picture
kpratishnair's picture
Ganesh.Dutta's picture
kpratishnair's picture
HEY HONEY ....!!