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Grocery Translation & Cooking Terminology

Sanghi's picture
Basic Cooking Terminology

Chop Cutting into small pieces.
 
Deep fry Cook in hot oil/ghee till desired colour is reached.
 
Dice Cut into small even cubes.
 
Fry Cook in oil/ghee.
 
Garnish Decorate (on top) by adding other food stuff.
 
Grate Cutting into fine thin strips (using a grater).
 
Knead Pressing dough with hand by folding and turning till it reaches the required consistency.
 
Mash Crush the food finely after softening (by boiling...) or using a masher.
 
Paste Smooth blend of solid ingredient with liquid.
 
Peel Removal of outer layer using a knife or a peeler.
 
Roast Over heating without any oil/ghee.
 
Season To add spices and other ingredients to increase the flavor.
 
Shallow fry Cook in little oil for a short time.
 
Simmer Cook in low flame after content starts boiling.
 
Stir Mixing with a ladle.
 
Slit Make a long narrow opening (usually for chillies)
 
Sieve Process used to separate finer parts from the coarser parts (using a sieve).


  Spices - Translation Matrix
Hindi English Tamil



Amchur Dry Mango powder Manga podi
Adhrak Ginger Inji
Ajwain Oregano Omam
Anardana Pomegranate Seeds Madhulai vidhai
Badi Elaichi Cardamom (Big) Ellakkai
Dal Chini Cinammon Pattai
Dhania Sabut Coriander seeds Kothamalli vedhai
Haldi Turmeric Manjal
Hari Elaichi Cardamom (green) Pachai Elakkai
Hing Asafoetida Perungayam
Imli Tamarind Puli
Jaiphal Nutmeg Jathikai
Jayitri Mace Jathi patri
Jeera Cumin Seeds Jeerakam
Kala namak Rock salt Kal Uppu
Kalaungi Onion seeds Vengaya vadhai
Kali Mirch Black pepper Milagu
Kesar Saffron Kunkuma poo
Khus Khus Poppy seeds Khus Khus
Lal Mirch Red pepper Kanja Milagai
Laung Cloves Grambu
Lehsan Garlic Poondu
Methi Fenugreek seeds Mendhiyam
Nimbu ka Chilka Lime peel Elumicham thol
Sarson Mustard seeds Kadugu
Saunf Aniseed Sombhu/Perunjeeragam
Saunth Dry Ginger Chukku
Shah Jeera Black cumin seeds Karunjeeragam
Tej Patta Bay Leaf Lavanga Elai
Thil Sesame Seeds Ellu
 



  Grains - Translation Matrix
Hindi English Tamil



Atta Wheat Flour (whole) Godhumai Mavu
Bajra Pearl Millet Cambu
Chiwra/Poha Rice Flakes Aval
Jau Barley Barli
Juar Sorghum Cholam
Maida Wheat Flour Refined Maida mavu
Makki Maize Makka Cholam
Murmura Rice Puffed Pori
Sevaiyan Vermicilli Semiya
Sooji Semolina Ravai
Sabudana Sago Javvarisi
 


  Pulses and Lentils - Translation Matrix
Hindi English Tamil



Arhar/Tur dal Red Gram Dal Thuvaram Paruppu
Besan Bengal gram flour Kadalai Maavu
Channa Dal Bengal gram dal Kadalai Paruppu
Kabuli Channa Chick pea Kondai Kadalai
Kala Channa Bengal gram whole Kothu Kadalai
Kala Channa dhuli Bengal gram skinned Pottu Kadalai
Kulthi Horse gram Kollu
Lobhiya Cow pea Karamani
Masoor Sabut Lentil Dal Mysore Paruppu
Mattar Peas Pattani
Moong chilka Green gram split Pachai Payaru
Moong dal Green gram dal Payatham Paruppu
Moong sabut Green gram whole Paasi Paruppu
Rajma Mexican beans Rajma
Urad Dhuli Black gram dal Ulutham Paruppu
Urad Chilka black gram split Karuppu ulundhu
Urad dhuli black gram skinned Vellai ulundhu
Val Field bean Mochai
 



  Dry Fruits - Translation Matrix
Hindi English Tamil



Akhrot Walnuts Akhrot
Badam Almonds Badam
Kaju Cashewnuts Mundhri Paruppu
Kishmish Raisins Dhrakchai
Moongphali Peanuts Verkadalai
 



  Dairy Products - Translation Matrix
Hindi English Tamil



Chhach/Lassi Whey/Butter Milk Moru
Dhahi Yoghurt/Curd Thayiru
Ghee Clarified butter Nei
Mava/Khoa Whole dried milk Thirati pal
Makhan Butter Vennai
Paneer Cottage cheese Pal Katti
 



  Others - Translation Matrix
Hindi English Tamil



Achar Pickle Oorugai
Ararut Arrow root flour kuva mavu
Dab Coconut tender Elaneer
Gudh Jaggery Vellam
Pan pattha Beetle leaves Vethilai
Supari Areca nut Paku
 
Hope this content was useful for you. Thanks for reading !!

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13 Comments

ADITYA.SAHOO's picture
amezing thanks a lot
Sanghi's picture
Thanks for the comment.
Kalaimagal's picture
The tips were useful could u tell me what is arrow in TAmil is it Cenai kilangu /Senai kilangu . If u don't mind can u please post them with pictures Thanks alot
konthai's picture
Arrow means koovai.
Anonymous's picture
What is Toor Dal in Tamil. Please tell me
ifoodiee's picture
Hi I think toor dal is tuvaram paruppu in tamil...i remember my mom using that....the blog has some really helpful information!
konthai's picture
Toor dhal means thuvaram paruppu
jaayshree paua's picture
still missed many well what ii wanted i didnt got it so sorry but thanks also which i didnt knew i got those.
jaayshree paua's picture
still missed many well what ii wanted i didnt got it so sorry but thanks also which i didnt knew i got those.
pabitrakumar's picture
its really good.thanks
pabitrakumar's picture
thanks for comments
bhuvana's picture
Hi....really its very useful to me...thanks for posting useful information....
Anonymous's picture
great!