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How Biointensive Agriculture Can Save The Planet

Bubbly's picture


 


 



Global population is expanding rapidly, solid fertility is declining and the cost of the chemicals and fuels are increasing, above all the water resources are also depleting. Yes, major food crisis would soon hit the Global. It is believed that biointensive Agriculture can save the planet. Biointensive is also known as mini farming, it does not use large scale, it is developed to shift people from large scale farming and to encourage people to cultivate their own food.


 


 


Biointensive agriculture benefits


Biointensive agriculture is being used by small farmers in 141 countries around the globe.  The following are the key biointensive agriculture benefits.


  • Less water

  • Less Purchased nutrients

  • Less energy in various forms

  • Increased yield

  • Increases soil fertility


Biointensive agriculture seldom uses equipment like tractors, machinery not only uses large amount of energy but it may also erodes the soil. On the other hand, biointensive agriculture primary objective is to enhance the soil fertility.


How to create a mini farm


So it is better to create your own farms to satisfy your food needs. It is absolutely a fabulous option, but how to go about it.  There are some basic principles to develop a self sustaining mini farm.


Soil preparation and composting: The biointensive farming implements double digging method where the soil is loosened till two feet deep. This supports the roots to grow deeper and allows retention of water. Composting is also essential in this method.


Planting intensively and use companion planting: Plants are grown closely unlike the method used in traditional farming. Plants that support each other are grown together like squash and corn. These are known as companion plants since it helps each other growth.


Carbon farming and calorie farming:  Many crops in this method are grown for their carbon content like corn, sunflower and rye. And it insist to grow calorie crops like garlic and potatoes.


Utilizing open pollinated seeds: This method encourages saving their own seeds. It is beneficial to use own seeds as it have adapted to that specific environment.


Whole system farming method: All the methods have to be implemented by the farmers else it won’t be productive


 


Today food sources are slowly declining, it is necessary to start growing own garden to combat hunger in the future. Surely biointensive agriculture can save the planet from the food crisis.


Image credits: home-farming.com

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1 Comment

Stuart's picture
Hi Bubbly, I started using the Biointensive method this year. My garden is very small, but I was able to use most of the BIO method. I am happy with the results. I think some vegetables can't be grown very close together. That was my experience with Kohlrabi. Although the seed package said 30 centimeters distance was enough, those plants get really big leaves and it was hard to find the caterpillars! I have a big compost pile now which I will incorporate into the soil before winter. One of the nicest things about gardening is giving the vegetables as gifts to neighbors and friends. They were very impressed with the Kohlrabis which they had never seen before. What a great way to build community!