How did pumpkin carving start - History of Pumpkin carving and Jack O Lanterns
Can anyone think of Halloween without those spooky – scary looking carved pumpkins…hell no! We all love to see humungous “Jack-O-Lanterns” scattered all over the town….but each time I look at these food arts I can’t help wondering “how did pumpkin carving actually start”? I got my answer recently when reading an Irish fairytale book for my son. Halloween and Irish fairytales doesn’t really connect, right…well read on and you will understand better.
Stingy Jack and His Lantern
The story that helped me to discover the history of pumpkin carving was that of “Stingy Jack” an old Irish fairy tale. According to this tale, Stingy Jack, a drunkard, was once attacked by the devil. To save himself the sly Stingy Jack convinced the devil to turn into a coin, which he promptly kept in his pocket next to a cross. Unable to transform back, the devil struck a deal with Jack and promised not to bother him again. Latter on after his death God refused to accept him as he had been with the devil and devil kept his promise and did not take him in either. Left with nowhere to go, Jack is believed to still wander in the darkness holding a lantern carved out of a turnip.
Vegetable carving Begins
As a symbol of this legend, the Irish and many Scottish carved lanterns out of all sorts of vegetables - turnips, potatoes, rutabagas, etc. They kept these lanterns in front of their house to ward off evil spirits and bring in the good spirits home (they believed the spooky face scared away the evil and the candle warmly welcomed the good spirits in!). With time this tradition got intermingled with the Celtic festival of Samhain, (a day when the dead were believed to enter the living world) and the Christian festival of All Saints day; thus started the tradition of Halloween and vegetable carving.
Halloween Comes To The US
However, it was not until the 1800s that pumpkin carving replaced assorted vegetable carving. During the great potato famine, a large number of Irish Catholics relocated to America and with them they brought their traditions. The first Halloween in USA is believed to have been celebrated in the year 1840. During these early days the Irish continued to carve lanterns and faces out of vegetables. However, soon they discovered that the huge, brightly colored pumpkin (a new world vegetable, not found in their native land) was much easier to carve; thus started the tradition of carving pumpkin faces and lanterns for Halloween.
Wow! Never thought the quintessential Halloween pumpkin was actually Irish…rather an Irish turnip to begin with. Now that you know how pumpkin carving began I believe you might be able to enjoy this tradition even better. If anybody knows about other such legends associated with pumpkin carving please share it with me.
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