Apples have a round shape witha depression at the top where the stem is attached. Some apples are almost perfectly round, while others are more rounded at the top and narrower at the bottom. Apples are firm and the skin is shiney and smooth. The color of the skin can be red, yellow, green or a combination of those colors. The flesh is white or ivory.
Evidences show that man has been enjoying apples for the last 750,000 years. Apples were a favorite fruit of the ancient Greeks and Romans. Apples if eaten in the fresh state, are a healthy, refreshing and crunchy snack. They quench your thirst and their acid content makes them a natural mouthfreshner.
When you cut the apple breadthwise, you see the five pointed star made from the placement of the seed casings. This symbol, the pentagram is the traditional symbol of knowledge. The five pointed star, pentagram is surrounded by the circular shape of the halved apple, the symbol becomes a pentacle. This is a symbol of protection, the protection of sacred knowledge.
Apple trees grow best in temperature countries with a cool climate and plenty of rain during the winter. The tree must grow 5-8 years before it produce a good crop of fruit.
There is a saying - an apple a day keeps a doctor away because apples have a lot of nutritional value. A medium sized apple has only 80 calories. Apple reduces the risk of cancer. Low sodium amounts in apples also help reduce high blood pressure and heart disease. They are cholestrol free. They are also rich in vitamin A which helps strengthen vision along with bone and tooth development.
Some interesting facts about apples:
1. If an apple is fresh, it floats on water. 25% of an apple's volume is air, thus allows it to float.
2. An apple is covered with a natural layer of wax. It protects the apple's high water content, keeping the apple fresh and crisp.
3. Just one apple contains as much soluble fibre as a piece of whole wheat bread or half a cup of raw brocolli.
4. 2 pounds of apples make one 9" pie.
5. Apple blossom is the state flower of Michigan.
6. 2500 varieties of apple are grown in USA and 7500 varieties varieties of apple are grown throught the world.
7. Apple varieties range in size from a little larger than a cherry to as large as a grape fruit.
8. Apples harvested from an average tree can fill 20 boxes that weigh 42 pounds each.
9. The largest apple picked weighed 3 pounds.
10. Some apple trees will grow over 40 feet high and live over a 100 years.
11. World's top apple producers are China, USA, Turkey, Poland and Italy.
12. October is National Apple Month.
13. Sliced or cut apples stay white longer if dropped in a bowl of water containing 2 tbsp of lemon juice.