Typhoid diet, or typhoid fever diet refers to the diet to be followed by people suffering from typhoid fever, which is a disease characterized by an infectious fever along with reddish spots on the abdomen and chest accompanied by intestinal irritation.
Diet for Typhoid Fever Patients: Foods to Consume
Typhoid patients should be given small and easily digestible meals at frequent intervals. Here are some of the foods that should be included in a Typhoid diet-
- Carbohydrates and Fats: Patients should gradually increase their energy intake in order to meet the energy needs increased due to high basal metabolic rate or BMR associated with the fever. Carbohydrates are a good source of energy, and one should focus on easily digestible foods in this category like glucose, cane sugar and honey. Fatty foods are also energy rich foods, and ones that are easily digestible like milk and butter are the best options.
- Protein rich foods: Protein rich foods like milk and eggs should be taken.
- Vitamins and Minerals: Vitamins and minerals are important intakes for typhoid patients. The reason being loss of minerals like sodium, potassium and chloride from the body and an increased requirement of the body for A, B and C vitamins. Hence, foods rich in both should be consumed.
- Fluids: Fluids can be taken in the form of water, milk, tea, coffee and different types of drinks. They are necessary to compensate for the loss of fluid due to excessive sweating, as well as to excrete unwanted substances from the body through urination.
Some examples of foods to be included in a typical Typhoid diet are soups, porridges, milk, tea, chapattis, cottage cheese, custard containing soft fruits, etc.
Diet for Typhoid Patients: Foods to Avoid
- Fried foods
- Spicy foods like pickles and chutneys which may cause irritation in the digestive tract.
- Raw vegetables and fruits (except papaya and bananas).
- High fibre foods should be avoided. Examples are whole grain products and pulses containing husk.
- Vegetables like cabbage, turnip, capsicum, garlic and onion should also be avoided in a Typhoid diet.
Diet Tips for Typhoid Prevention
- Water consumed should be boiled or bottled mineral water can be used. Drinks containing ice made from non-packaged water should be avoided. The best way to do this is to order drinks without ice.
- Food consumed should be well cooked. Raw fruits and vegetables that cannot be peeled should be avoided; others should be washed well before consumption.
- Food should be prepared in hygienic conditions.
- Street food should be avoided, as it is most susceptible to being contaminated due to poor hygiene.
Typhoid Fever Diet: Trivia
Besides diet and hygienic cooking conditions, good sanitation and vaccination are the other essential tools for prevention of Typhoid fever.
For more information on Typhoid and Typhoid diet, please visit the following links-