Hepatitis diet is prescribed to a patient with chronic Hepatitis, a condition marked by the malfunctioning of the liver. Although there is not one single recommended diet plan which is followed, there are a few guidelines which all doctors and dietitians follow when making a diet plan for a patient afflicted by Hepatitis. The main aim of the diet is to ensure that the patient is eating healthy foods which are not too high in calorie, fat, sugar and carbohydrate levels.
Hepatitis is generally of two types - acute and chronic. Depending upon the type of the disease, the diet plan generally differs. As mentioned before, there is no one plan to be followed. The diet plans are generally custom made to suit the requirements of the patients.
Main Features of the Hepatitis Diet
Despite the fact that the diets are largely individual based, there are some common factors, the most important being complete abstinence from all fatty, high calorie and sugar content foods as the liver's functioning us greatly impaired during hepatitis.
A diet plan made for a patient of hepatitis generally includes foods which give the body the required amount of energy without putting too much pressure on the liver. To avoid anorexia, milk, soft meats, easily digestible nuts and cheese are almost always included in the diet plan. Protein, in the right amount, is very important for the liver to recuperate and also positively affects the effects of medication.
Low fat meals replete with vitamins and minerals are an important part of the Hepatitis diet. Also, the meals portions are reduced and instead of three major meals a day, patients end up consuming 5 to 6 much smaller meals.
Hepatitis Diet: Foods to Avoid
- Red meat: Red meat of all types should be strictly avoided at all times. It is one of the hardest foods to digest and can sit in the stomach for up-to 7 days after consumption. Red meat puts a lot of pressure on the pancreas, gall bladder and liver.
- Alcohol: Consumption of alcohol always negatively affects the liver. In hepatitis, the liver is already greatly damaged and alcoholic drinks will only aggravate the disease.
- Fruit juice: Fruit juice, both packaged and fresh, is high in concentrated sugar and can greatly shock the liver.
Other foods to be avoided when following a hepatitis diet are processed foods, flour, junk food, heavy oils, hard to digest dairy products and artificial sweeteners.