Anal Fissure Diet
An anal fissure diet is recommended for patients who suffer from anal fissures. Anal fissures are cracks in the lining of the anus resulting in painful stools that might be followed by bleeding. Fissures may be caused due to constipation and hard stools, due to diarrhea, trauma to the anal region, etc.
Dietary Recommendations for the Anal Fissure Diet
Physicians state that anal fissures can be controlled with medication and diet recommended for constipation along with minor surgery. However, a complete medical evaluation is necessary to rule out underlying disease like Crohn’s disease, tuberculosis, Irritable bowel syndrome, HIV, syphilis, or leukemia.
Diet Routine Based on Anal Fissure Diet
The American Society of Colon & Rectal Surgeons suggests that the underlying constipation or diarrhea should be treated before proceeding to treat the fissure.
- An increased intake of stool softeners in the form of high fiber food is ideal. Fiber laxatives are also recommended. Increased fiber supplements are also an easy alternative.
- Foods that cause constipation should be avoided. However, the actual foods that cause constipation will differ from person to person. Foods like white bread, processed meats, frozen food products, potato chips and doughnuts are to be avoided as much as possible.
- An increased intake of fresh fruits, vegetables and raw vegetables is considered ideal. Fresh fruit juices are also considered good.
- An increased intake of water is recommended. On an average, two liters of water are ideal for softer stools. However, tea and caffeine intake has to be reduced as it tends to draw water out of the body resulting in constipation and anal fissures.
Once the constipation is under control, the anal fissure must be treated with simple surgeries, creams or injections. An anal fissure diet will not cause the fissure to heal completely.