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Acute Renal Failure Diet

The acute renal failure diet is indicated for patients who have kidney disease.In acute renal failure, the kidney finds it difficult to filter blood and make urine. As a result dietary changes are required to ease the load on the kidney while boosting health in general.

Characteristics of the Acute Renal Failure Diet

The purpose of the acute renal failure diet is to maintain a balance of electrolytes, minerals, and fluid in the patients who are on dialysis.

  • Overall, a strict fluid regulation should be done. Most patients undergoing dialysis produce very little urine and an increased water intake can increase the load on the kidneys complicating the disease. It is recommended that patients use a measure to find out exactly how much water they are imbibing all through the day. Even food items that are high in water like jello, soups, ice- cream and popsicles have to be avoided.
  • It is recommended that patients balance their salt and potassium content. When the kidneys are not working well, potassium can build up in the body causing dangerous heart rhythms. Food items like peaches, grapes, pears, cherries, etc are ideal and vegetables like broccoli, cabbage and carrots are ideal.
  • Calcium and phosphorous levels need to be monitored well too. Calcium supplementation is required and phosphorous levels can rise very high resulting in a range of problems
  • Nutritional supplements in the form of extra vitamins, minerals and iron are recommended.

It is recommended that patients do get in touch with a nutritionist who has experience in dealing with acute renal failure patients. An individually calibrated diet is extremely essential for acute renal failure.


Mayo Clinic