Steamed Dumpling is essentially an appetizer item found across different cuisines of the world, only known by different names varying from country to country. These are best described as small steamed bags stuffed with minced and stir-fried vegetables or any variety of meat. The little bags are made with a flour dough, and once stuffed with desired filling, are put in a steamer at about 165 degrees of temperature till fully cooked. Steamed Dumpling in its many variations can be eaten as a snack with any kind of sauce, or with soup and salads as a side dish, or as a main dish, when cooked with a gravy.
Varieties of Steamed Dumpling
- The Italian Ravioli which consists of small pasta-based envelopes that contain a filling of ground meat, cheese, or vegetables or a combination.
The Chinese Steamed Wontons which are consumed as such steamed or maybe used in a wonton soup that is made with clear chicken stock or chicken broth. They contain a minced stir-fried vegetable filling with or without minced meat. The Shumai is a traditional Chinese style Pork dumpling served as part of dim sum.
The Chinese Jiaozi which has a filling of ground meat or vegetable with a thicker skin and flatter shape, usually served with a dipping sauce.
The Japanese-style gyōza with a thinner skin and lightly flavoured with soy, salt and with a characteristically strong garlic flavour.
The German Dumplings known by different names Klösse, Knödel in different parts of the country. Specifically, the Dampfnudel is a traditional steamed dumpling dish popular in Southern Germany. The process of steaming creates a dumpling with a crispy bottom and soft top (yeast is present in the dough). These may be prepared with or without a filling. The Palatinate version, more often than not, is generally eaten as such without filling.
The Tibetan Momos are steamed dumplings native to Tibet, Nepal, surrounding regions of Bhutan, Sikkim in India made by steaming the basic flour-water dough with several options for fillings ranging from minced meat, finely chopped vegetables, indigenous fresh cheese, or one or more combinations of these. Tibetan dumplings are served with a fiery sauce made up of dried red chilies along with a bowl of chicken broth.
The Mongolian Steamed Dumpling or Buuz prepared with filling of either minced beef or mutton, flavored with basic ingredients like onion, garlic, pepper and salt. Additional ingredients like potatoes, cabbage and other seasonal herbs may be used.
The Turkish Steamed Dumpling or Manti dumplings typically consisting of a spiced meat mixture, the meat usually being either lamb or ground beef, placed in a dough wrapper, and then finally either boiled or steamed. These are served topped with melted butter, or yogurt and garlic and spiced with red pepper powder.
minced clove of garlic
dumpling wrappers or wonton wrappers
The ground pork, finely chopped onions, crushed garlic, sesame oil, salt and pepper are mixed together in a bowl to form the filling. Each dumpling wrapper or wonton wrapper is taken and stuffed with a spoonful of the above mixture, right in the center. The edges are moistened with little water and sealed and ruffled, to secure them. In the water pot, the water is heated till it starts boiling and the steamer is lined with a large lettuce or cabbage leaf to place the dumplings. This avoids the dumplings from sticking to the base of the steamer. It is covered and cooked on medium heat for about 20 minutes or till the dumplings are properly cooked. This can be served with any sauce of one’s choice.
Each serving size of 158 gm contains 478.3 calories, 61.1 mg cholesterol, 1604 mg sodium, 25.3 gm protein, 56.2 gm carbohydrate and 16 gm of total fat.
Pork – It contains a high content of potassium which is important for both heart and muscles. Hence pork eaten in any form helps to strengthen our heart and muscles. The presence of potassium keeps blood pressure levels healthy. Pork is also beneficial because its high potassium content helps to keep the water balance in the cells and tissues.
Green Onions – It has anti – inflammatory properties and protects against osteoarthritis. They are also known to be a good source of the antioxidant quercetin which helps to prevent heart disease. It is mostly used in salads, sandwiches, soups, stir fried dishes or as a garnish. It can be eaten raw or cooked.
Garlic – It has antibacterial properties and balances a diet rich in iron. It therefore also helps to protect the liver from excessive iron intake. It is also known to contain important nutrients like manganese and is rich in vitamins B 6 and C.
Sesame Oil – It contains linolenic acid and omega 6 fatty acids, which help to strengthen cell membranes and protects against certain types of cancers. It is also known to be a good source of calcium, phosphorus and vitamin E.
Pepper – It contains antibacterial properties, aids in digestion, helps in liver functioning, aids in absorption of vitamins and minerals and may prevent certain types of cancers.