Ceylon tea as the name suggests is a tea from Ceylon or Sri Lanka, as known at present. It is an expensive form of black tea, which after brewing imparts a golden color along with rich aroma and intense flavor. It is produced in abundance in Sri Lanka and is exported to other parts of the world. The tea is sold as a brand and displays a logo of lion with a sword on its cover pack.
History: Ceylon Tea
Till 1860s coffee was a major crop of Ceylon, It was then in 1869 that a fungus ruined that entire coffee plantation and the farmers and estate owners looked for other options. James Taylor also known as Father of Tea Industry in Sri Lanka, had started the commercial farming of tea at that time and others followed him. The tea plantations expanded from 400 hectares in 1875 to 2, 20,000 hectares in the present time. Today, Sri Lanka is world’s third largest tea producer with yearly production of 320 million kilo grams of tea. It exports 315 million kilograms of tea in a year.
Tea Producing Regions in Sri Lanka And Method Of Tea Production
The Sri Lankan tea is produced in six main regions: Galle, Kandy, Uva, Ratnapura and Nuwara Eliya. The tea of every region has a distinguished color, taste, and aroma. The teas grown in low regions are good quality and have a rich color while those grown on higher altitudes have intense aroma and fresh taste. February, March, August and September are the tea harvest months.
The tea leaves are selected and fermented prior to roasting. Once roasted, the tea is packaged and sold. Ceylon tea is a good quality black tea and brews strong flavored, dark tea with slight taste of orange and spice.
Types: Ceylon Tea
The three types of Ceylon tea are Ceylon black tea, Ceylon green tea and Ceylon white tea. The black tea is rich in aroma and brews a bright golden color beverage. The Ceylon green tea has a richer flavor and darker color when compared to other green teas of China. The white tea produced in Ceylon is also known as silver tips and is processed from young buds that are white in color. This tea has a delicate flavor and pleasant aroma.
Benefits: Tea of Ceylon
Rich in polyphenols- The tea is rich in polyphenols and thus has antioxidant properties.
Reduces the risk of chronic diseases- Ceylon tea, when consumed regularly, lowers the chances of cancer, high blood pressure and heart strokes.
Stress buster- the tea is known for reducing stress and gives relaxation.
Strengthens immunity- The tea makes the immune system stronger.
Trivia: Sri Lankan Tea
In 1839, the first tea seeds and young plants were transported to Ceylon from the botanical gardens in Calcutta, India.